30704302_10155570991541279_374608065464369152_nI’m currently a fourth-year philosophy PhD candidate at University of Pennsylvania. Before this, I graduated in May 2014 with an MA in philosophy from New York University, and worked from 2014-2015 as a Research Associate with the Philosophy Group at Nanyang Technological University (NTU) in Singapore.

My time at UPenn is being supported by NTU’s Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences International PhD Scholarship. Upon completion of my PhD, I’ll return to NTU as a tenure-track Assistant Professor in Philosophy.

My main research interests are moral and social epistemology. I’m currently thinking about how individuals develop moral expertise based on their experiences, how an individual’s social location can influence their development of moral expertise in moral sub-domains, when and why deferring to the moral testimony of others is permissible or required, and under what circumstances members of non-marginalised groups are required to defer to the moral testimony of marginalised groups. As part of this project, I’m also thinking hard about the advantages and limitations of using our imagination to gain moral knowledge, on a sentimental moral perceptualist framework and more generally.

I’ve also worked on rationality, moral decision-making procedures, moral psychology, food ethics, philosophical issues of mental illness, and the ethics of (non-)monogamy. I’m intrigued by issues in philosophy of mind, philosophy of perception, aesthetics, and the intersection of these fields.

In my non-philosophy time, I enjoy performing and creating music, and creating visual art. I’m married to a wonderful experimental electronic and jazz musician, who teaches me more about ethics and social epistemology than I could ever learn on my own. I spend lots of time enjoying the incredible music and art scene in Philadelphia, which is home to a great beats, punk, noise, and classical community.



  • (2016) Eating Animals and Personal Guilt, Food Ethics, Oxford UP
    (edited by Anne Barnhill, Mark Budolfson, and Tyler Doggett)


  • (2015) Mental Illness, the Identity Thief, The Incredible Intensity of Just Being Human, edited by Kate Vrijmoet.
    This book was published in conjunction with a Seattle City Hall Art & Social Change Exhibit (of the same name) that explored the stigma and silence surrounding mental illness. The book contained a range of essays, accompanied by select visual art, on the topic. The exhibition itself was held at Seattle City Hall from Jan 7 – Feb 18 2015. For more information, visit www.theincredibleintensity.com.
  • Blogging: I blog for 3quarksdaily.com (see below)


  • (2015-20) Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences International PhD Scholarship, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)
  • (2012-14) Graduate Fellowship, New York University (USA)



Serious talks

  • (July 2018) “Moral Emotions and Imagination” CEU Moral Epistemology Summer Course, Central European University (Hungary)
  • (July 2018) “Can Imagination Replace Reality for Sentimental Perceptualism?” FRIAS Normative Epistemology Workshop, Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Freiburg (Germany)
  • (October 2017) “Moral Expertise & Hermeneutical Justice” Penn Philosophy Graduate Colloquium, Department of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania (USA)
  • (April 2017) “Expertise on Identifying Oppression” Penn-Rutgers-Princeton Social Epistemology Workshop 2017, Department of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania (USA)
  • (October 2015) “The Question of Mary Astell’s Feminism” Workshop on the History and Philosophy of Education, Department of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania (USA)
  • (March 2015) “Can we love animals and still eat them?” Philosophy Club Speaker Series, Philosophy Group, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)

Fun talks


  • (March 2017) Commentator for “Glued to the Image: A phenomenology of racialization through works of art” by Professor Alia Al-Saji (McGill University, Montreal), Minorities and Philosophy Conference: Global Feminisms, Department of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania (USA)


  • (Spring 2018) Teaching Assistant, Introduction to Philosophy, Michael Weisberg, University of Pennsylvania (USA)
  • (Fall 2017) Teaching Assistant, Ethics of Eating, Andrew Chignell, University of Pennsylvania (USA)
  • (Spring 2017) Teaching Assistant, History of Early Modern Philosophy, Andrew Chignell, University of Pennsylvania (USA)
  • (Fall 2016) Teaching Assistant, Ethics, Errol Lord, University of Pennsylvania (USA)
  • (Spring 2015) Guest lecturer (Philosophy of Religion), Introduction to Philosophy, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)
  • (Spring 2015) Teaching Assistant, Philosophy for Everyone, Li Chenyang, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)
  • (Fall 2014) Guest lecturer (Animal Ethics), Moral Philosophy, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)
  • (Fall 2014) Guest lecturer (Philosophy of Mind), Introduction to Philosophy, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)



  • (2017-2018) Referee, Journal of Moral Philosophy

Conferences and Events

  • (November 2015) Assistant Organiser, Penn Reasons and Foundations in Epistemology Conference (PeRFECt) 2015, University of Pennsylvania (USA)


I was columnist for the website 3 Quarks Daily, where I wrote mostly on topics of applied ethics (but sometimes other things). Here are some of my articles:

  • (May 2017) Should we outsource our moral beliefs to others?
  • (April 2017) Given who we are, how should we listen to others?
  • (January 2016) Mary Astell: The Conservative Feminist
  • (November 2015) Straddling the Two Sides of Racial Privilege
  • (August 2015) Effective Altruism and its Blind Spots
  • (July 2015) Ethics and the Stanford Prison Experiment
  • (June 2014) Philosophy is a Bunch of Empty Ideas: Interview with Peter Unger
  • (February 2014) Eating animals and personal guilt: the individualization of responsibility for factory farming
  • (December 2013) Is applied ethics applicable enough? Acting and hedging under moral uncertainty

This page was last updated on August 29, 2018.